BALDY MOUNTAIN (HAPPY CAMP BALDY)
July 5, 1928: "Ball Mt. Lookout. James Dysert man this in emergencies." (3)
Panorama photos taken
Ball Mountain Project. The construction of a new thirty-foot Lookout tower on Ball Mountain is well along, and it is contemplated that the structure will be 75 percent completed before the winter shut down. Brushing has been completed on the Ball Mountain road extending from the Mt. Hebron-Montague road north along the main divide approximately six miles preliminary to grading next summer." (4)
October 31, 1960: "Tom Winteringham Recollections:
When Ed Jereb, the Klamath Forest Engineer, was fairly new to the Klamath, he, Charlie Yates, and Les Clark were doing an inspection of the Ball Mountain Lookout. This was a box-like structure some 60 feet tall, down one side of which hung a Jacob's ladder that was the fire escape. Charlie told Ed this is the way to get to the top and to go first. When Ed was well on his way to the top, Charlie and Les used the inside stairs and met Ed as he climbed over the guard rail. Ed was out of breath and somewhat miffed, but he learned that it was not always necessary to take Charlie seriously." (8)
BEAR MOUNTAIN (SISKIYOU)
2008: This state lookout was staffed by the Forest Service while the Black Fox Lookout was closed for maintenance.
National Forest - 41N-4W-30
postcard, n/d - Ron Kemnow Collection
October 15, 1931: "The new Black Butte Lookout station on Shasta Forest is to be dedicated soon. DeWitt Nelson of the Shasta Forest will be the speaker." (4)
BLACK FOX MOUNTAIN
July 28. 1922: "False Alarm fire causes man to lose his job. -- The morning of July eight a fire was reported by Blackfox Lookout. The road crew working at Harris Springs was notified by the dispatcher to go to the fire. All were willing to go but Mr. Butler, who refused and said he would roll his blankets and go down the road before he would fight that fire. He also made the remark that they could not can him on account of men being so scarce, and they could,'t arrest him for he was too old to be forced to fight fire. But when Mr. L.D. Overmyer went out to the road camp Monday, July 10, he hauled Butler and his blankets back to McCloud. -- If any man thinks more of comfort than his job let him chose." (California District News Letter)
June 14, 1925: "Black Fox Lookout is eighteen miles from McCloud. All except the last three mile climb can be made by automobile. This lookout is on a thirty foot steel tower which commands the country for many miles in all directions." (Fresno Bee)
2008: The lookout was closed for maintenance, the duties were transferred to the Shasta Bear Lookout.
July 1910: "Guard Ben Shuster and laborer Dave Robinson are building telephone line from Black Bear to the Blue Ridge station where Shuster will act as a lookout and also go the fires." (1)
May 2, 1934: "(Lewis Diary) With Sullivan went to Black Bear mine and scouted out old sled road to top of Blue Ridge to see if it could be improved enough to get trucks over it to haul steel for the Blue Ridge Lookout tower." (4)
July 20, 1935: "(Zink Diary) Went to Blue Ridge and gave Lookout training until noon." (4)
July 22, 1935: "(Zink Diary) Teal, Blue Ridge Lookout, calls in sick. I take man to replace him so he could go to the doctor. Returned to Sawyers at noon. Thunderstorm in progress. New man on Blue Ridge has trouble locating fires so I go to Lookout, arrive at 6:00 P.M. and get good location on all fires." (4)
July 27, 1935: "The inspection was made on July 10 and 11. Blue Ridge was operating and the station was in fine condition. Blue Ridge was just being connected up with emergency telephone wire and a new fire finder being installed. Since this is a new man, considerable training should be given." (4)
June 15, 1936: "(Jensen Diary) Went on to Blue Ridge Lookout and instructed Roff on use of alidade and other procedures." (4)
May 12, 1936: "The Shasta Forest accepted title to the Bolivar Lookout site (20 acres). The Lookout had been built on leased land from Southern Pacific Land Company. (4)
October 9, 1936: "The Shasta does not like to brag but we do feel that our lookouts are rating somewhere around 200% efficiency. For the benefit of any who have doubt as to the accuracy of the statement, we quote from the diary of George H. Cory, lookout on Bolivar Peak, Scott District of the Shasta, for August:
"Monday, August 10, 1936: - - - 3 p.m. Saw a mule at the Cornerstone Mine get away from the tunnel and run over to the barn with a lighted carbide lamp on him, thought it might set a fire so called Cornerstone office and told them. They immediately went and caught the mule....."
How many other lookouts on the Region can boast a minus report time? -G.R.S. - Shasta -" (California Ranger)
August 1, 1941: "During the recent thunder storms which tossed out liquid fire all over Northern California, the atmosphere was so charged with electricity that the very rare phenomena known as St. Elmo's fire was observed in several locations.
Earl Godfrey, Lookout on Bolivar Mountain on the Scott District of the Shasta, reported that on Wednesday night, July 16, the lightning rods and all metal parts on the lookout glowed and gave off sparks for some time. --Schrader - Shasta -" (California Ranger)
April 1, 1951: The administration of this Lookout was taken over by the Klamath National Forest from the Shasta National Forest.
September 18, 1959: "(Hendricks' Diary) There was a good rain last night and yesterday. It was discovered that the roof was blown off the Bolivar Lookout, so I reported it to Lee Morford. I got Marshall started up to Bolivar to pack things up. I contacted Bill Howard and informed him of the Bolivar Lookout situation, and we decided to use Denny Point and other detection means for the balance of the season. After lunch Marshall called in from Bolivar. He described conditions of the lookout and I gave him instructions on what to bring down and stressed safety hazards involved." (8)
August 2, 1960: "(Hendricks' Diary) We drove up to the Bolivar Lookout. We looked over the installation of the temporary lookout building. We helped Marshall check the batteries in his radio, then tested them." (8)
October 18, 1960: "(Hendrick's Diary) I got tools together to take to Bolivar, and then left with the crew to drive up there. We dismantled the temporary lookout building during the morning. After lunch, we took down the sides of the tent frame, and then carried the lookout building down and stored it on the floor of the tent frame, along with the sides of the tent frame itself." (8)
October 20, 1960: "(Hendrick's Diary) Marshall and I dismantled the sills from the foundation of the old building. We looked over the results of the blasting and watched the progress of the bulldozer, as it started building the road to the peak." (8)
October 21, 1960: "(Hendrick's Diary) Larry and I loaded the foundation forms for the Bolivar Lookout onto a truck and hauled them up to the lookout. We prepared a spot and unloaded the forms." (8)
November 8, 1960: "(Hendrick's Diary) At 0900 I drove to the Bolivar Lookout and helped pour cement for the floor slab within the foundation. I finished at noon and returned to Callahan." (8)
October 21, 1933: "(Fox Diary) May and I go to Buckhorn Bally Lookout site to locate the five acre subdivision site. Also, we picked out the best trail route to pack material in for the construction of the Lookout." (4)
November 8, 1933: "(Fox Diary) George Sargent came and we went up to survey the Buckhorn Bally Lookout site. Tied into section corner. Found piers were not oriented North and South as planned. Next morning I called Tom about piers. He said no problem, we can orient the fire finder. Went to Lookout job. Cook was no good so I brought him back to Oak Knoll." (4)
April 30, 1934: "(Fox Diary) Gus brought Osborne fire finder for Buckhorn Lookout. We took it to the Packers camp on Lumgrey and the carpenter took it to the cook along with other materials." (4)
May 1, 1934: "(Fox Diary) Packed two loads to the Buckhorn Lookout. Morford came and we got the mastipave and the fire finder installed." (4)
December 10, 1935: "Title was accepted for 20 acre Buckhorn Bally Lookout site. The Lookout was constructed on land leased from Southern Pacific Land Company in 1933. The tract was purchased in 1935 consisting of E1/2 of SE1/4 of SW1/4 of Section 17, T47N, R8W, M.D.M." (4)
Klamath National Forest - 47N-8W-2
January 24, 1914: "The most ingenious fire lookout station on California forests during the current fire season is said to be the home which Forest Guard Howard Tyrrell built for himself in the top of a yellow pine on Bullion mountain, Klamath National Forest, 100 feet above the ground.
Tyrrell was assigned to the Bullion mountain lookout by the Forest Service in co-operation with the California Fruit Growers Supply Association, the Association furnishing him with supplies and subsistence and the Forest Service paying his salary.
Tyrrell located his tree home soon after the opening of the fire season. He erected sixt5y feet of ladders up the trunk of a giant pine, from which point limbs afforded him an opportunity to climb fifteen feet higher. Here in the forks, 75 feet from the ground, Tyrrell built a platform about eight feet square upon which he spreads his bed and spends each night during the fire season.
For a day lookout he climbed 25 feet further up and erected a smaller platform where he sits during the day. Five or six feet above this second platform the forks of the tree dwindle to a diameter of about five inches each. These tops Tyrrell sawed off, and on them he spiked a beam where he clambers when smoke appears and sights his fire with an absolutely uninterrupted view of the surrounding forest.
A number of visitors have climbed to the first platform, and three or four have made the second. No one but Tyrrell, however, has ascended to the crosspiece in the treetop.
Next year this enterprising fire guard expects to build a small house with glass sides on the lower platform, where the telephone is hung. With cooking apparatus installed. Tyrrell's trips to earth will be rare.
'It gets a little lonesome up there once in awhile,' said Tyrrell, 'but there's plenty of squirrels and birds around. Maybe another year I'll learn how to eat pine cones and sing.' " (Pacific Rural Press)
Klamath National Forest - 37N-11W-17
July 11, 1935: "(Zink Diary) Next day take supplies for Cecil Point Lookout to end of road, wait for Lake with pack train. Help pack the mules and go into the Lookout with Carruthers. Install fire finder and map." (4)
September 1, 1939: "During a lightning storm on July 29 radio was used in a novel way for fire location in the Salmon River District of the Klamath Forest.
Many lightning flashes had been observed, but no telltale smoke had arisen, until at 8:00 p.m. Johnny Roff, from his Cecil Point Lookout, sighted a small blaze. It was too dark then to see smoke and a cross shot from another lookout was not possible, so Guard Luther Lake, with four men, was dispatched to the approximate location with an S set.
A schedule was set up for the time the men expected at the fire and at the appointed time Roff sighted the headlights of the crew. With intercommunication they were directed by radio from the lookout and were soon at their destination, suppressing what could have developed into a serious fire.
We recently reported the use of radio in survey work and now we are directing fire crews. Neither is recommended as common practice, but we do think that the initiative and resourcefulness of our personnel in making full use of the means at hand is highly commendable. -Fleck - Klamath -" (California Ranger)
Klamath National Forest - 46N-12W-18
December 1928: "The following news item appeared in the November issue of the American Forests and Forest Life:
"AIRMEN DROP NEWS TO LOOKOUT" The observer on the China Mountain Lookout, on the Klamath National Forest, in California, who has no communication with the outside world but a pack trail, gets his morning news as regularly as a city subscriber, because pilots of the Seattle-Los Angeles air mail route daily drop papers and magazines to the lookout station. The lookout is in one of the most rugged portions of the Siskiyou Mountains." (Six Twenty-Six)
COLLINS CREEK BALDY
Klamath National Forest - 39N-8W-10
June 3, 1915: "Supervisor Hammatt of the Shasta Forest is in Yreka on his way to inspect the Craggy Mt. Lookout, which is in his Forest near Callahan." (2)
DEADWOOD BALDY PK
Klamath National Forest - 45N-8W-7
1924: A secondary lookout
May 18, 1931: "(Ken Fox Diary) Helped Runnals and Gillis get ready to pack lumber to Deadwood Lookout on mules. (tent platform)." (4)
August 10, 1931: "(Ken Fox Diary) We rode to Deadwood Lookout, where Deering made an inspection and studied point as possible permanent Lookout station." (4)
June 1, 1933: "(Fox Diary) With horse and two mules moved tent and supplies to Deadwood to install Hayes on the lookout. Finished installing lookout outfits and returned to station next day. (The lookout was housed in a tent.)" (4)
September 30, 1933: "(Fox Diary) Took crew to Beaver Creek to sack 185 sacks of sand. With pickup and trucks, hauled this material to Deadwood to start construction of new lookout." (4)
October 2, 1933: "(Fox Diary) Baker and I took two crew and went to Deadwood Lookout site and he worked the trail and I worked on the spring." (4)
October 5, 1933: "(Fox Diary) Tom Bigelow came and went over the Lookout plans with the carpenter. The next day I took horse and two mules to the Lookout camp to start packing material to the lookout site. On the 8th, packed water all day while the crew mixed concrete. Continued packing sand, gravel and water until October 15th. On the 16th packed photographer and equipment to Lookout and returned to Oak Knoll." (4)
June 21, 1951: "Deadwood Lookout - We have seen great improvement by Clarence and Orva Gosney. They are to be commended." (6)
Klamath National Forest - 42N-8W-31
1958: "Denny Point was a temporary lookout set up to look down French Creek, and was manned during lightning storms. It was never approved as a full-time lookout." (7)
DRY LAKE MOUNTAIN
Klamath National Forest
August 27, 1923: "Deputy Forest Supervisor Fred Douthitt submitted a report on inspection of a portion of the Yreka District. Some items mentioned are: Dry Lake Lookout. This station is on Southern Pacific Land leased by stockmen. We should have a written lease. The improvements consist of a small shingled house, a log barn and a small pasture. (This was actually the Deer Camp Station near the lookout site.) A standard lookout house should be built. The house needs painting badly inside and out. A garbage pit should be dug and the present pile of cans by the corral disposed of. The lookout should be furnished with binoculars." (3)
May 29, 1925: "The Dry Lake Lookout, which is inside the game refuge, has been used by hunters as a campsite. Supervisor Douthitt will have to put an end to this practice." (3)
September 8, 1932: "(Fox Diary) Took material to Dry Lake Lookout and laid new mastipave on the floor. Finished 6:00 P.M. Tom Bigelow came next morning and we installed new lookout table and fire finder. I finished putting 1/4 round around the edge of the mastipave and reinstalled the telephone. Next day cleaned and waxed floor and cleaned up around the lookout." (4)
May 4, 1934: "(Fox Diary) Morford and I went to Dry Lake Lookout and installed new maps on fire finder." (4)
April 25, 1936: "Title was accepted by the Klamath Forest for 20 acres for Dry Lake Lookout site. The site had been leased for the Lookout from the Southern Pacific Land Company." (4)
August 23, 1941: "The Dry Lake Lookout register show only R.C. Gibson as lookout reporting on August 8. The Lookout was only manned 3 weeks." (5)
June 6, 1960: "Lookout opened by Nancy Hood. Could not get car all the way." (8)
April 4, 1931: "A standard lookout house will be erected on Duzel Rock which commands a view of a large area of timber land, both inside and outside of the Klamath National Forest." (Fresno Bee)
July 5, 1928: "Eagle Rock Tower. Frank Joseph mans this in emergencies. Tower is at present under construction. It will be 50 feet high with a 12 foot base and an 8 foot platform on top. This height will require more guy wire than originally planned." (3)
June 15, 1912: "First Eddy Gulch L.O. Station was under construction by Guard Ben Schuster, laborers Dave Robinson and Swayne. Swayne became the lookout for the 1912 season." (2)
May 12, 1913: "Ranger M.H. McCarthy wrote to the Supervisor that he had three applicants for the Eddy Gulch Lookout job for the 1913 season. The first applicant has such a poor reputation that he couldn't possibly recommend him. The second applicant is noted as the best rifle shot in the country. 'In fact, he has the reputation of shooting more holes in the game laws than any other man in the country.' I would prefer to defer any recommendation on this applicant. The third applicant is, also, 'no gentleman' but has all the requisites of a first class lookout and it is in reference to this one that I want your advice. 'This most untiring and enthusiastic applicant is Miss Hallie Daggett, a wide awake woman of 30 years who knows and has traveled every trail in the Salmon watershed.' 'She is not afraid of anything that walks, creeps or flies.'
(Mr. McCarthy wanted prior approval before hiring her. Apparently he received it as he submitted the appointment papers on May 26. She went to work that season and stayed on the lookout job for about 14 years.)" (2)
June 15, 1913: "A woman has been put in charge of the Eddy S. Gulch forest service lookout, a lonely station situated on one of the lofty peaks of the Salmon summit, at an elevation of over 6000 feet, in Siskiyou County.
This modern Joan of Arc, to whose watchful eye and alertness is committed the task of sighting and reporting the fires which occur on the Salmon River watershed, is Miss Hallie Daggett, and an accomplished and refined young woman." (The Morning Oregonian – footnote 1)
September 6, 1913: "Miss Hallie Daggett, said to be the first woman in the United States appointed to the position of lookout at ba forest reserve station, lives in Siskiyou county, Cal. She has been placed in charge of Eddy's gulch lookout, situated on a peak of the Salmon Alps, 5,600 feet high. Her duty is to keep a lookout for fires and report to the nearest forest station." (Anacoda Standard)
July 1, 1915: "Small barn constructed at Eddy Gulch Lookout." "Hallie Daggett killed 3 coyotes, 4 wildcats, 1 bear." (2)
September 21, 1923: "He had praise for the condition of Miss Hallie Daggett's Lookout station at Eddy Gulch. It was in much better condition than stations kept by a man. The old log station should be replaced by a standard Lookout tower as soon as possible." (3)
July 12, 1924: "Ranger Samon filed a report on his inspection of Eddy Gulch Lookout. He recommended no improvement on the Eddy Gulch cabin as new lookout is to be built in 1925. Miss Daggett is on duty and station is in good condition." (3)
June 1, 1925: "Ranger Junell Samon moved Miss Hallie Daggett from the old log cabin lookout to the new Lookout building on Eddy Gulch point." (3)
June 8, 1925: "Miss Hallie Daggett will paint the new Lookout house." (3)
June 22, 1928: "Ranger Bigelow of the Salmon River District of the Klamath Forest reported that Miss Hallie Daggett will not return to the Eddy Gulch Lookout this year, where she has served each season since June 1, 1913." (3)
May 5, 1931: "(Clyde Lewis Diary) Took Jim Birch to Eddy Gulch Lookout and outlined trail work he was to do in that vicinity until fire season started. Outlined his lookout duties and pointed out orientation landmarks." (4)
1958: "New Eddy Gulch Lookout Tower ........... $19,422" (7)
ENGLISH PEAK (rETIRED)
June 11, 1926: "Hired Gleason Balfrey to be Lookout fireman at English Peak. Packed him to Abbot's Upper Cabin where he will work on trails until July." (3)
April 25, 1934: "(Lewis Diary) Heavy snow banks between English Lake and Tom Taylor cabin. Overnight at Tom Taylor cabin, then installed Iron phone at the Lookout Point on English Peak on the 27th, then returned to Sawyers by way of Little North Fork." (4)
June 1, 1942: "Ranger Everett Jansen recorded the following story about the construction of the English Peak Cabin in 1942.
Sometime in late May, or more likely early June, 1942, it was time to skid the logs that Nelson Bennett had cut to the selected site just in front of the old cabin. I sent Christy Stanshaw up to mastermind this job since mules were required and since Charles Dettmar, the lookout, an ex-CCC enrollee, had no experience with stock. A few days later I went up to see how they were doing and to my surprise I found Dettmar doing the skidding." (5)
April 1, 1951: The administration of this Lookout was taken over by the Klamath National Forest from the Shasta National Forest.
July 23, 1959: "(Hendrick's Diary) Nancy received burns from a flash in the oven of the gas stove at the Gazelle Lookout. After Tom Waddell gave her first aid, he drove her down to Callahan. We made out a CA-1 form and a request for treatment, and then I drove her into Etna to the doctor. The doctor examined and treated her and said that the burns and injury to her eyes were superficial and not serious." (8)
August 25, 1933: "A detached service 12 man CCC crew from Sim's Camp, working under Carpenter Foreman V.V. McReynolds, built a new lookout on Herd Peak in twelve days." (4)
May 9, 1934: A set of three panorama photos were taken from this lookout.
1924 - Secondary lookout
June 1, 1932: "(Fox Diary) Made Camp. The next day we started building telephone line from the old Hungrey Creek Lookout to the Fruit Growers Lookout, one half mile." (4)
July 7, 1934: "(Fox Diary) Heavy lightning storm last night. Took CCC boy (Hahn) from Hilt to be emergency lookout on Hungrey Creek Lookout. Instructed him on operation of the fire finder and other procedures." (4)
September 2, 1936: "The Fruit Growers Supply Company deeded one acre (donation) in Sec. 24, T48N, R8W, MDM for the Hungrey Creek Lookout site. (title accepted February 13, 1937)." (4)
1938: The new Lookout was constructed by Seiad CCC Camp F176, Company 1910. (4)
June 22, 1951: "Hungry Creek Lookout - There was an excellent cleanup of tower, cab, and grounds. Some brush that was cleared still needs to be burned." (6)
June 1, 1954: "Clara Williams, widow of Ranger John Williams, who lost his life saving a young girl from drowning in 1940, went to work as the Lookout at Hungry Creek, where she served for 17 years." (6)
September 5, 1912: "A 600 acre fire was reported in Horse Creek. It was an incendiary fire, with 12 separate sets. The fire was discovered by Lake Mountain lookout." (2)
September 26, 1912: "Ass't Ranger J.B. Johnston was authorized funds to finish the Lake Mountain Lookout Station." (2)
September 14, 1928: "(Gus Kehrer Diary) Went to Lake Mountain Lookout to replace Fridley who had a bad leg. Got two shots at a buck at the Spring on the 15th, missed. Thunderstorm on the 16th, reported 5 fires. My brother Joe arrived on the 17th to hunt. Gathered Foxtail Pine seed on the 18th to be shipped to France." (3)
September 20, 1928: "(Gus Kehrer Diary) Severe wind at Lake Mt. Lookout. Blew gas cans away. Chipmonks kept me busy chasing them away from the Foxtail pine cones I had spread out to dry." (3)
May 16, 1932: "(Hill Diary) John and I started maintaining Lake Mt. telephone line. Continued next day with George Skillen and finished up to lookout. Four feet of snow on top. Someone had tried to get into the lookout during the winter. Pry marks on door." (4)
September 19, 1933: "(Hill Diary) Up at 6:30 A.M. to help Walter Gillis pack lumber and material for loading mules to take the stuff to Lake Mountain Lookout. (A new standard lookout cab was to be built on the old stone building constructed in 1912)." (4)
September 20, 1933: "(Hill Diary) Took four CCC boys and cleaned out Lake Mountain trail so pack mules could get through with long lumber." (4)
October 31, 1933: "New Lookout house already completed on Lake Mountain." (4)
May 21, 1934: "(Hill Diary) John and I leave for Lake Mt., working telephone line. Arrived at Lookout late in P.M. Someone had broken lock and damaged door jamb. Overnight at the Lookout. While working line the next day, drove climbing spur into calf of leg. Dr. says two days off after dressing the puncture, but I stayed in office anyway." (4)
May 13, 1939: "Ranger Barron of Mt. Hebron announced that a temporary lookout will be installed at Lakeview Point west of the Copco road. The lookout will be housed in a tent and have radio communication. (4)
July 24, 1933: A set of three panorama photos were taken from this lookout.
June 14, 1954: "Mary O'Bannon Williams, Rockaway Beach, will serve as 'primary lookout' at McCloud in the Mount Shasta National Forest.
She will be stationed at Little Mount Hoffman lookout station where she will have two forests and three ranger districts for weather and fire reports." (San Mateo Times)
July 2008: On July 12 a group of 500 Boys Scouts from the Order of the Arrow began a five day service project on the Shasta-Trinity National Forest. Included in this project was the refurbishing of the Little Mt. Hoffman Lookout.
LOWER DEVILS PEAK
January 8, 1934: "(Fox Diary) Went to Seiad and met Scott River District Ranger and looked over the Lower Devil's Lookout, the trail route for packing Lookout material." (4)
1934: The Lookout construction was completed by CCC crew. (4)
1934: "John Buck's Experiences as a Ranger on the Siskiyou District" "One of the large parts of the new Siskiyou District came from the Scott River Ranger District where John Williams, a very conscientious man, and a man who made a career of helping others. He went out of his way to help me to help me get started on the new District. This particular morning two of the Forest Service packers, with their horses and mules, were to take materials to Lower Devil Lookout from Seiad Valley. The carpenters had previously removed the old lookout house from the short tower, which would be used again with some modification. Along with the 2" x 12" floor joists, some of the animals were loaded with hardware, short boards, window frames, etc. But the reason John and I were there was to help with those 20 foot long floor joists. There must have been about 20 pieces. Ordinarily, this would be a rather simple operation for packers with mules experienced in the mountains on a trail without switchbacks.
The Lookout point was some 2,000 feet above the valley floor and the trail could be seen winding up the steep mountain face in a series of many sharp switchbacks. The lead packer has some of his pack string tied in conventional manner and the other packer was behind, leading his string of animals. In the middle were 5 mules packed with two of the floor joists on each side and then bent and tied both in front and behind. The lumber stuck out beyond their heads about 6 feet and an equal distance behind their tails. These mules were not tied into either pack string, but were in single file and loose. John and my responsibilities were to help them get around the switchbacks. We were on foot. I had visions of serious problems getting those 20 foot long boards through a switchback where change in direction of about 250 degrees had to be made in a very short radius. The trail was narrow, with a steep bank on one side and a steep drop off on the other side. A misstep would be disaster.
Soon my fears came to an end. Those jenny mules knew more about negotiating the switchbacks than I did. All John and I had to do was keep the animals spaced out to give each enough room. They would come to the turn, nearly stop and start the load slowly turning by moving their feet in short, dainty steps, both sideways and forward at the same time until they were clear and then move on up the next leg. There could have been as many as 25 switchbacks on that trail of some 3 miles in total distance. Since that day I have had a great respect for a pack mule. A mule can be a stubborn critter at times, but they are smart." (4)
1951: "Louis Meiss was run off Lower Devils Lookout by the Devils Fire, which burned within 100 feet of the Lookout building. He refused to return after the fire." (6)
September 25, 1923: "Deputy Supervisor Douthitt submitted a report on his inspection of the Scott River District. The Iron phone at the Marble Mountain Lookout is not working. 'I phoned Trail Superintendent Bigelow to bring in a portable telephone to be used until the iron phone can be repaired.' A shelter should be built for protection of the phone." (3)
1935: The Lookout was constructed by the Orleans Camp F22, Company 920, of the CCC. (4)
1951: "Nel Howard's [Offield Lookout] husband acted as an Alternate Lookout, and also as an Emergency Lookout on Medicine Mountain following lightning storms." (6)
MT HEBRON RANGER STATION
A combination water tower and emergency lookout.
August 2, 1935: A set of three panorama photos were taken from the lookout structure.
First mention was in 1919
August 1, 1928: "Offield Mt. Lookout, Steve Robinson, where it was noted that new stovepipe was needed and putty for the windows. The cab needs painting and lumber should be bought to complete the catwalk and railing. The Lookout map was checked for orientation by making readings on mirror flashes from Baldy Mt. and Orleans Mt. The trail crew has cut the trees from around the lookout for better visibility. Lightning protection was absent on the telephone line." (3)
November 20, 1933: "Morford moved to Orleans CCC Camp and with 5 man crew packed into Offield Lookout and camped in the old building while finishing the new tower and cab. Spent Thanksgiving on the job." (4)
July 25, 1935: The road to Offield Lookout and Camp 3 is now completed." (4)
1942: The Aircraft Warning Service used the Lookout station as an observation post during the winter months.
July 23, 1914: "The District Forester has approved the following improvements on the Klamath Forest: Lookout house on Orleans Mountain." (2) (The lookout was completed.)
July 29, 1925: "Orleans Lookout was found to be in neat and orderly condition with Lookout Ed Knudsen and his wife to be recommended for this. The trail from Orleans to Orleans Lookout is in bad shape and should be improved next spring." (3)
August 1, 1928: "Orleans Mt. Lookout. Eddie Knudsen has this station in excellent condition. Considerable material is stored at Orleans for repairing the building and should be packed up soon." (3)
June 9, 1930: "(Fred Wilder Diary) Arrived at the Lookout with Walt Gillis and Ed Knudsen. Lookout badly littered by mice. Cat caught nine the first night.
June 10 - Up early and started repairing telephone line to Butler Creek with Knudsen.
June 11 - Amputated cats tail in door. Finished maintaining telephone line. Looked for small tree to cut for flagpole.
June 12 - Knudsen leaves for Orleans. Spent day setting up weather instruments. Started planting small garden." (3)
July 31, 1931: "(Fred Wilder Diary) Large rattlesnake crawls up to steps of Lookout. I miss him throwing rocks but blast him to pieces with rifle." (4)
October 31, 1933: "New Lookout house completed on Orleans Mountain." (4)
June 22, 1936: "(Wilder Diary) Slim Bigelow and I arrived at the Lookout with pack load of supplies. Everything the way I left it last fall except for some porcupine damage to the steps. We repair the phone line and Slim leaves for the river. (4)
June 23, 1936: Slim Bigelow, Ed Knudsen, Jim Peters and Windy Miller arrive with pack mules loaded with radios and materials to put up antennas. Also lots of grub. (4)
July 30, 1935: A set of three panorama photos were taken from this lookout.
September 15, 1937: "Spotting a fire which only burned for three minutes and which was 14 miles away is the record recently hung up by Lloyd Darley, lookout at the Orr Mountain lookout in the Goosenest area, east of here (Yreka)." (Bakersfield Californian)
July 23, 1914: "The District Forester has approved the following improvements on the Klamath Forest: Telephone line from Cecilville to Packer's Peak." (2)
July 12, 1924: "Talcott at Big Flat has to go to the Lookout at 6 A.M. each day and it takes two hours to make the trip." (3)
September 23, 1926: "Left Crawford Creek with pack train of sand and cement for foundation of Packers Peak cabin for the Lookout. (The cabin was actually at Big Bend Meadow.) Built the cabin and moved in on the night of the 25th of September. Closed it for the winter on September 27th." (3)
July 17, 1931: "On the 17th went to Packers Peak Lookout 6:30 A.M. Made visibility map. Helped Duvall put in new window glass and repair ceiling." (4)
February 23, 1932: "Spent day helping set poles for telephone line from Montague to new Paradise Lookout. Continued same for next four days. Tied into new lookout house on Saturday, September 27th." (4)
May 19, 1934: A set of three panorama photos were taken from the lookout.
1942: The Aircraft Warning Service used the lookout station as an observation post.
December 16, 1924: "Rangers Carter and Hickey will replace the emergency wire to Pony Peak Lookout with number 9 wire." (3)
July 5, 1928: "Pony Peak Secondary Lookout. Manned in emergencies from Aubreys at Cottage Grove. This should be a primary Lookout. A telephone line has been built to the peak by contributed guard time." (3)
1934: The Lookout construction was completed by CCC crew. (4)
1933: The CCC constructed a road to the Quartz Hill lookout. (4)
May 7, 1934: "(Hill Diary) Went to Spring Flat CCC Camp and picked up six men and went to Quartz Hill Lookout site to dig holes for tower piers. I hauled sand and gravel from Greenview, made six loads. Continued work on Quartz Hill Lookout pier holes, latrine and garbage pit." (4)
August 24, 1934: "The Klamath Forest secured an easement for the Quartz Hill Lookout site." (4)
1934: The Lookout construction was completed by CCC crew. (4)
1942: The Lookout station was used during the winter as an Aircraft Warning Service observation post.
February 5, 1953: "Jack Short retired January 31 after 16 years as a lookout on the Klamath National Forest. He was stationed on Quartz Hill." (6)
1912: Site was approved for administrative use.
November 3, 1944: "O-Plans-Master-Project Work Budget
Name of Station - Round Mountain Lookout.
Type of Building - Lookout building with living quarters for 2.
Other buildings and utilities - 1. Garage and tool and wood storage, 2 car J 21 Type.
2. Water Storage.
Remarks - Approved for 1 fireman and 1 lookout, present structure inadequate." (From Acting Forest Supervisor, Modoc to Regional Forester)
1946: During the period of 1942 through 1946 this lookout made 30 first discoveries.
September 20, 1956: "It was recommended to install a weather station at Round Mountain L.O. since that area was not covered by any weather station. As yet we have received no Fire Weather Records from Round Mountain. We wonder if that fire weather station was set up this year. If not, could you give us an idea when it might go into operation? It takes a season's weather data before we can incorporate a station into the FDR system." (Memo from the Division of Forest Fire Research to the Forest Supervisor, Modoc NF)
July 22, 1957: "Made a familiarization trip to this location in time to assist in explaining weather observations to the new substitute Lookout. The thermometer shelter is rather shaky and Mr. Aiken plans to stake it down more firmly." (Report - Weather Bureau Inspection)
2002: The lookout structure underwent extensive remodeling.
1. Steps to be built to the top of Schonchin.
2. Lookout be erected on Hippo Butte for use after electric storms or other times of high fire hazard. There is about 1/4 of the monument area that is not within the view of any of the present lookouts and in addition quite a portion of the Shasta National Forest, north of Medicine Lake is in a blind area. (A Report on the Lava Beds National Monument - 1934)
1939 - 1941: The following are excerpts from the CCC Monthly Narratives:
March 2, 1939 - "Surveys are also in progress for a trail to top of Schonchin Butte, with topography for a lookout at that point."
April 2, 1939 - "Surveys were made for lookout location, trail, telephone line to the top of Schonchin Butte."
June 1, 1940 - "Job LB 96: Horse trail to the top of Schonchin Butte. 70 M/Ds. Under Mr. Brooks. This work is practically complete or 90%. Awaiting some details from Mr. Lange and final completion."
"Job LB 101: Lookout, Schonchin Butte, 23 M/Ds. Materials nearly all on hand, blacksmith busy fabricating special iron work. All fitting will be done in camp, then erected at location."
June 30, 1940 - "Job LB 96: Horse trail, Schonchin Butte, 32 M/Ds, expended making a few changes in the turns, also work done at the top of the butte; one can walk to the top now, in ten minutes, without getting fatigued."
"Job LB 101: Lookout, Schonchin Butte, 54 M/Ds, used at the camp shop, preparing materials to be transported to the site, also in clearing and leveling off site of proposed building."
August 1, 1940 - "Job LB 101: Schonchin Butte Lookout, 86 M/Ds. The cement, lumber, water and tools are all on the site, construction should be speeded up considerably."
September 1, 1940 - "Job LB 94: Schonchin Butte Lookout; 68 M/Ds stringing wire to top of butte."
"Job LB 101: Schonchin Butte Lookout. 208 M/Ds. 80% of all materials on site, rock work well under way and rough framing assembled in place."
October 1, 1940 - "Job LB 94: Schonchin Butte extension; 68 M/Ds. Stringing wire to top of Schonchin Butte, wire is now to pole at top of butte, but not into lookout."
"Job LB 101: Lookout Schonchin Butte, 271 M/Ds. Rough framing and rock work completed, roofing to go on next, heavy winds have delayed the work somewhat, but the time has been spent in getting out the cabinet work."
November 1, 1940 - "Job LB 101: Lookout Schonchin Butte, 234 M/Ds, this job is virtually complete except for interior cabinet work, and lightning conductors on the outside. Stone steps, and terraces, picnic tables etc., will be done under another job, plans for which are now being made."
February 28, 1941 - "Job LB 94: Telephone extension to Schonchin Butte, 23 man days used in digging a 12 inch trench through cinders and lava for the telephone line to the lookout."
"Job LB 101: Lookout, Schonchin Butte, 23 man days expended in repairing South and East portions of the roofing, which was torn off by the excessive winds."
June 1, 1941 - "Job LB 101: Lookout Schonchin Butte, 12 man days used in starting the flooring of the lookout."
July 1, 1941 - "Job LB 101: Lookout, Schonchin Butte, 13 man days used in building and installing fire finder in lookout."
August 1, 1941 - "Job LB 101: Schonchin Butte Lookout firefinder stand completed using 2 man days."
"Job LB 111: "Landscape Plan for Schonchin Butte Fire Lookout Area'. Work began May 19th, project completed July 25th, within allotted man days and materials. Work delayed two weeks on account of fire fighting and changing status of company enrollment."
September 3, 1941 - "Job LB 108: Landscaping Undiff. 6 man days, Schonchin Butte Lookout."
June 30, 1950: "On June 25th a fire was started by lightning near the Northwest entrance, but due to the prompt action of the lookout and the suppression crew the area burned was only two acres." (Superintendent's Monthly Report)
August 1, 1950: "Five hundred gallons of water were pumped up to Schonchin Butte reservoir. This will eliminate the costly bi-weekly waterpacking trips by the suppression crew." (Superintendent's Monthly Report)
July 4, 1954: "The Schonchin Butte lookout is manned by a young couple this year, the wife serving as relief on the lookout's lieu day. This has eliminated the need for reducing the regular crew for lookout relief duty, as well as provide an additional fire control aide on going fires when the wife can assume the lookout's duties." (Superintendent's Monthly Report)
July 12, 1956: "The telephone line to Schonchin Butte Fire Lookout was found to be inoperative. We replaced broken insulators, reset poles, tightened sagging wires and repaired breaks in the line, thus restoring service to the lookout station." (Superintendent's Monthly Report)
June 4, 1957: "The Schonchin Butte Lookout received extensive repairs, and was entirely repainted inside. Old sealed louvers were placed in operating condition, the outside walk braced, and the old Flamo gas installation changed." (Superintendent's Monthly Report)
June 12, 1958: "Vandals broke into the Lookout building on the weekend of May 24, but since it was not stocvked for the summer, nothing of value was taken." (Superintendent's Monthly Report)
1960: "New telephone poles were set, to the lookout, using a Hiller 12-V helicopter. Poles were delivered to the lookout parking area and from there lifted and set into holes with the aid of the helicopter." (Superintendent's Monthly Report)
June 25, 1962: "The Ranger Office and Schonchin Butte Lookout was connected by a remote control cable. 2 new remote control FM radio units were installed in the Headquarters area and one intercom was installed at Schonchin Butte Lookout.
Eleven feet was removed from the top of the power pole on Schonchin Butte so as to leave it concealed in the trees." (Superintendent's Monthly Report)
June 9, 1964: "The trail to Schonchin Butte Lookout was widened to accommodate the new trail buggy. The shutters were removed from the lookout and it was prepared for operation." (Superintendent's Monthly Report)
August 8, 1966: "A new Osborne Fire Finder was installed at Schonchin Butte Lookout on July 13." (Superintendent's Monthly Report)
September 6, 1966: "The 'Merry' Trail Packer which was purchased for Lava Beds was received on the 22nd and proved to be a pleasant surprise. It works very well and will negotiate the trail to Schonchin Butte Lookout with a load of supplies without digging itself into the soft trail surface." (Superintendent's Monthly Report)
SCOTT BAR MOUNTAIN
May 1, 1934: "(Hill Diary) On duty at the Spring Flat CCC Camp. Took fifteen men to Scott Bar Mountain Lookout site and started leveling for foundations. Put three men to digging out spring for lookout water supply. Walt Gillis made two pack trips with sand. Continued working on Lookout and spring on the 2nd and 3rd and 4th and returned to Scott Bar with John Williams." (4)
May 15, 1934: "(Hill Diary) Work with Sam Potter, and help build base forms and get one pier poured, with John, Lee and Jack. Poured two more piers the next day. Next day finished piers and poured floor of tower. The carpenter left. We stayed overnight and then, on the 18th, worked trail from Lookout site to Spring Flat." (4)
1934: The Lookout construction was completed by CCC crew. (4)
1942: The Aircraft Warning Service used the lookout station as an observation post.
SECRET SPRINGS MOUNTAIN
October 27, 1933: "Morford reported move with five CCC boys and two other carpenters to Slater Butte Lookout to complete construction of the Lookout tower and cab." (4)
September 6, 1966: "Fire crackled through 1,150 acres of Douglas fir along the Klamath River today, one of a series of scattered blazes in rainless Northern California.
The U.S. Forest Service set up a headquarters 1 ½ miles north of Happy Camp to fight the blaze out of control near the California-Oregon border.
The service called in 500 men, 14 bulldozers, a dozen ground tankers, four aerial tankers and two helicopters.
By dawn the men held about 31 miles of fire line with another 28 still open.
A lookout station at Slater Butte was abandoned because it was in the fire's path." (The Modesto Bee)
June 26, 1967: "Mrs. Lawrence Young has been substituting at the Slater Butte Lookout station in the absence of Mrs. Ann Wilson who became quite ill with the flu, having to leave the station to receive medical attention and recuperate. Mrs. Young, with her husband, manned the lookout for many years before Mr. Young's health forced him to retire." (The Times-Standard)
July 27, 1911: "Ranger Gott will construct a telephone line up Beaver Creek to Sterling Mountain where two miners will act as volunteer lookouts." (2)
TULELAKE NWR HEADQUARTERS
1937: The 100-foot Aermotor tower was removed and a rock observation structure was constructed on the bluff behind the refuge headquarters. The new structure, constructed by the CCC, was designed to use native material and to blend in with the surrounding landscape. The Aermotor was moved to the Upper Klamath Refuge and re-erected as a observation post to watch for poachers.
1934: The Lookout was completed by CCC crew. (4)
May 12, 1934: A set of three panorama photos were taken from this lookout.
November 20, 1936: "E.L. Macauley, Chief of Fish and Game Patrol gave great credit to Claire Wright, a lookout on Van Bremmer Peak in the Shasta, for spotting spot-light hunters from his tower room. About the middle of the night Wright was awakened by beams of a flashlight. After hearing a shot he took up the chase and secured enough evidence in the way of wire and battery clips to make the case certain. He overtook two hunters, arrested them and locked them in the basement of the tower until the warden came for them. The judge gave them a fine." (California Ranger)
1956: "This was the last year the Van Bremmer Lookout was manned." (7)
June 30, 1917: "District Forester George H. Cecil, of Portland, has just placed an order with the Mill-Made Construction company, of Portland, for ready-cut material for three standard lookout house to be erected at the summits of Mt. McLaughlin, Diamond Peak and Rustler Peak, on the Crater national forest, in July.
These houses are twelve feet square, with a cupola six feet square. Both cupola and main part of the building have windows running all the way around. The lower part of the house is the lookout man's living quarters, while the cupola contains the Osborne fire finder, maps and other lookout equipment." (Medford Sun)
July 13, 1917: "Forest service is rushing the three fire-lookouts on Windy Peak, Mt McLaughlin and Rustler Butter, so that there is no delay in preparations for fire fighting. The fire-lookout houses, knocked down, have been shipped from Portland. Ten government mules will be needed to transport the houses to the peaks." (Medford Sun)
September 5, 1917: "C.M. Allen, telephone engineer for the Forest Service, returned yesterday from the Crater National Forest. Mr. Allen visited Windy Peak, on the California line, where one of three new lookout stations now being erected in the Crater Forest is being completed.
The stations are manufactured at Portland lumber mills and the parts are bundled together so they can be transported on pack horses.
At Windy Peak the observer, who is stationed in the new cabin, will have to go one mile for his water supply.
Other lookout stations in the Crater Forest are being completed on Mount McLoughlin and Rustler Peak." (The Oregonian)
* Indicates original author is unknown at this time. (images)
(1) Chronological History of the Klamath National Forest, Vol. I, 1905-1910 (A collection of diary entries and other records
(2) Chronological History of the Klamath National Forest, Vol. II, 1911-1920 compiled by R. Bower, USFS Ret.)
(3) Chronological History of the Klamath National Forest, Vol. III, 1921-1930
(4) Chronological History of the Klamath National Forest, Vol. IV, 1931-1940
(5) Chronological History of the Klamath National Forest, Vol. V, 1941-1950
(6) Chronological History of the Klamath National Forest, Vol. VI, 1951-1955
(7) Chronological History of the Klamath National Forest, Vol. VII, 1956-1958
(8) Chronological History of the Klamath National Forest, Vol. VIII, 1959-1960